Signs and Symptoms of Cancer !!!
In Cancer Signs and symptoms are both signals of injury, illness, disease – signals that something is not right in the body.
A sign of Cancer is a signal that can be seen by someone else – maybe a loved one, or a doctor, nurse, or other health care professional. For example, fever, fast breathing, and abnormal lung sounds heard through a stethoscope may be signs of pneumonia.
How find Cancer?
Different cancers are discovered in different ways. Detecting cancer, or cancer diagnosis, always entails detailed examination.
Following a clinical examination by a doctor, a patient may undergo different methods of imaging and be referred for laboratory testing. The final cancer diagnosis is based on a pathologist’s opinion.
The doctor also considers the patient’s family background and charts the most common risk factors for cancer. A general practitioner carries out a clinical examination of a patient.
Laboratory tests and cancer markers
Laboratory tests are carried out at the point when it is suspected that a patient has cancer. Normally, a blood sample is taken for monitoring blood counts.
With some cancers, determining cancer markers is useful. The number of tumour markers varies according to the cancer activity in the blood stream. Tumour markers can be used in cancer detection, monitoring and prognosis evaluation. The occurrence of markers can be established by a blood test.
Tumour markers are secreted by tumour tissue into the blood. Detecting tumour markers or their concentration may indicate the emergence of cancer or its recurrence. The sensitivity and accuracy of markers vary, and increase in their concentration does not always indicate the presence of cancer. They might not even be found in all cancer patients.
Examples of tumour markers include prostate-specific antigen (PSA) for prostate cancer and cancer antigen (CA) 15.3 for breast cancer.
Problems When You Pee
Many men have some problems peeing as they get older (a) A need to pee more often, especially at night (b) Dribbling, leaking, or an urgent need to go (c) Trouble starting to pee, or a weak stream (d) A burning sensation when they pee
Changes in Your Testicles
“If you notice a lump, heaviness, or any other change in your testicle, never delay having it looked at,” says Herbert Lepor, MD, urology chairman at New York University Langone Medical Center. “Unlike prostate cancer, which grows slowly, testicular cancer can take off overnight.” Your doctor will look for any problems with a physical exam, blood tests, and an ultrasound of your scrotum.
Blood in Your Pee or Stool
These can be among the first signs of cancer of the bladder, kidneys, or colon. It’s a good idea to see your doctor for any bleeding that’s not normal, even if you don’t have other symptoms, Lepor says. Although you’re more likely to have a problem that’s not cancer, like hemorrhoids or a urinary infection, it’s important to find and treat the cause.
Changes in Lymph Nodes
Tenderness of swelling in your lymph nodes, the small bean-shaped glands found in your neck, armpits, and other places, often signal that something’s going on in your body. Usually, it means your immune system is fighting a sore throat or cold, but certain cancers can also trigger the changes. Have your doctor check any swelling or tenderness that doesn’t get better in 2 to 4 weeks, Meyers says.
A fever is usually not a bad thing — it means your body is fighting an infection. But one that won’t go away and doesn’t have an explanation could signal leukemia or another blood cancer. Your doctor should take your medical history and give you a physical exam to check on the cause.
Weight Loss Without Trying
Most people with cancer will lose weight at some point. When you lose weight for unknown reason, it’s called an unexplained weight loss. An unexplained weight loss of 10 pounds or more may be the first sign of cancer. This happens most often with cancers of the pancreas, stomach, esophagus (swallowing tube), or lung.
Fatigue is extreme tiredness that doesn’t get better with rest. It may be an important symptom as cancer grows. But it may happen early in some cancers, like leukemia. Some colon or stomach cancers can cause blood loss that’s not obvious. This is another way cancer can cause fatigue.
A final diagnosis of cancer is based on an examination of tissue or cells under a microscope by a pathologist. Biopsies can be taken using a fine needle, large core needle or biopsy forceps, or the entire tumour may be removed by surgery.