History Of 31st March, B R Ambedkar Awarded Bharat Ratna, Isaac Newton Dies At Age Of 84: 365 days of the year are recorded in history with various events. Some of them are good and some are bad. The day of 31 March has also witnessed many similar incidents. Talking about one such incident, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, the architect of the Constitution, was posthumously awarded the highest civilian award Bharat Ratna on March 31, 1990 and saluted his invaluable contribution towards the country and society.
‘Babasaheb’ Bhimrao Ambedkar took an active part in India’s freedom struggle and fought against social discrimination throughout his life. His role became even more important after independence when he was entrusted with the task of framing the nation’s constitution.
A series of other important events recorded on the date of 31 March in the history of the country are as follows: –
- 1504: Birth of Sikh Guru Angad Dev Ji. He was the second Sikh Guru after Guru Nanak Dev Ji.
- 1727: Isaac Newton, one of the world’s greatest physicists, died in London at the age of 84.
- 1774: Postal service started in India, first post office opened.
- 1870: For the first time in America, a black citizen voted. This was a major success towards giving equal rights to blacks.
- 1889: The famous Parisian Eiffel Tower officially opened.
- 1921: The flag of the Indian National Congress was adopted.
- 1959: Tibetan religious leader Dalai Lama along with 20 of his disciples reached the border of India. He left for Tibet on March 17 on foot from Lhasa, the capital of Tibet, and reached India safely via the Khenziman Pass.
- 1964: The electric tram was shut down in Bombay.
- 1980: Death of legendary American sprint runner Jessie Owens. Owens won four gold medals for his country at the 1936 Berlin Olympic Games.
- 1980: Nirmal Mukherjee, the last ICS officer retired.
- 1981: Four of Indonesia’s five militants who hijacked a domestic plane were shot down in Bangkok, Thailand. All 55 people aboard the aircraft were safe. The terrorists hijacked the plane and took it to Bangkok on 28 March to get 80 people released in Indonesia jails.
- 1983: An earthquake in Colombia kills about 5000 people.
- 1989: The massive Eiffel Tower, which is considered the hallmark of Paris, was officially opened. This 300 meter high iron building, built on the occasion of the centenary of the French Revolution, is considered to be an unmatched example of Gustav Effel’s technological prowess.
- 1990: Constitutional creator Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was posthumously awarded the highest civilian award Bharat Ratna.
- 2004: 175 people killed in a fire in a nightclub in Buenos Aires, Argentina.