National Flag Adoption Day 2019: History and Significance of Indian National Flag Tiranga
National Flag Adoption Day 2019: History and Significance of Indian National Flag Tiranga: Today is the National Flag Adoption Day. On July 22, 1947 our national flag ‘Tiranga’ was adopted. This day reflects India’s independence movement against the British Raj.
The decision to adopt the Tiranga was made during the meeting of the Constituent Assembly on July 22, 1947, and the same day the Indian flag was adopted unanimously. Since then, it is celebrated as the ‘National Flag Adoption Day’ on 22nd July.
The story of ‘Tiranga’
Our national flag is based on the Tiranga, Swaraj flag, which was designed by Pingali Venkayya and was first hoisted in the year 1923. Before the independence in 1947, the Legislative Assembly declared that the national flag should be such that all the sections of society are accepted.
After the first freedom struggle of 1857, the need for a national flag of India was highlighted. In 1905, the partition of Bengal gave birth to another flag, which was called Vande Mataram Flag. In this flag, India’s religious symbols were included but they were shown in the heraldic fashion used in the flags of the western countries.
During this time Pingali Venkayya came with the flag’s 30 designs. Mahatma Gandhi wrote about the need for a national flag in his magazine ‘Young India’. They raided it with the wheels of Charkha. After this, Lala Hansraj, a follower of the founder leader of Arya Samaj, Swami Dayanand, suggested to include the spinning wheel in the flag.
This work was handed over to Pingali Venkayya. However, he was told that he should design a flag with a charkha on red color (for Hindus) and green (for Muslims). After this, Gandhiji felt that other religions and communities were not represented in Dhavs. In this way, directed that color white should also be used to represent or symbolize all the communities.
Against the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, it was hoisted by congress workers in Nagpur on April 13, 1923 by Congress workers. After the formation of the committee by the Legislative Assembly in 1947, the Swaraj flag was revised and accepted as the national flag of India. This committee was led by Rajendra Prasad. At the same time, Maulana Abul was a member of Kalam Azad, Sarojini Naidu, C. Rajagopalachari, K M Munshi and BR Ambedkar.
Ashok Chakra was placed at the place of Charkha in the national flag. The circle represents the law of religion and law. Two more flags were presented before the Tiranga adopted as a national flag, but the Assembly unanimously passed the resolution in favor of the Tiranga flag. After January 26, 1950, Tiranga became the national flag of the Indian republic.