Why GSLV-MK3 Called Bahubali of ISRO? #Chandrayaan2, #ISRO, #GSLVMkIII
Why GSLV-MK3 Called Bahubali of ISRO #Chandrayaan2, #ISRO, #GSLVMkIII: ISRO has given his ‘Bahubali’ the responsibility of taking Chandrayaan-2 on his shoulder and sending him towards the moon. ‘Bahubali’ is the most powerful rocket in ISRO. Its real name is the Zyrenscronas Satellite Launch Vehicle-Mark 3 (GSLV-MK3). This rocket is capable of carrying four tonnes of satellites. The rocket weighs 640 tons and its height is 43.43 meters.
Orbiter with a weight of 2,379 kg will circulate the moon for one year. It has eight payloads, which will carry out different experiments. This orbiter will be able to connect with the Indian Deep Space Network (IDSN) located in Bangalore. Apart from this, it will also be in contact with the lander.
The 1,471 kg lander has been named after Vikram Sarabhai, the father of Indian Space Science. There are three payloads on this. It will land on the surface of the moon at a speed of 2 meters per second. It has been prepared to work on the moon for a period of one day. According to the Earth, this period will be 14 days. This lander will be able to connect with the IDSN as well as the orbiter and rover in Bengaluru.
The name of Rover Pragyan is derived from Sanskrit, which means knowledge is there. There are two payloads on this rover weighing 27 kg. This is a six-wheeled robotic vehicle. With the help of solar power it will be able to run at a speed of one centimeter per second. It is also designed to work on a day of the moon i.e. equivalent to 14 days of earth. During this period, it will cover a total of 500 meters on the surface of the moon.
A total of 14 payloads have been included in the second moon mission. Of these, eight are on payload orbiter, three are on payload landers and two are on payload rover. The responsibility of carrying out an important scientific experiment in every payload will remain. Apart from this, there will also be a laser retrolector array (LRA) payload. This will provide information about the internal structure of the moon.
Payload of orbiter
- Terrain Mapping Camera: This camera will form the digital Elevation model of the whole moon.
- Large Area Soft X-ray Spectrometer: The surface of the Moon will test components.
- Solar X-ray Monitor: Solar X-ray will provide input of spectrum.
- Imaging IR spectrometer: Will collect data of minerals and find evidence of the presence of ice.
- Synthetic aperture radar L & S bands: Will explode the polar region and raise the evidence of the presence of ice under the surface.
- Atmospheric composition explorer-2: will study the atmosphere of the moon.
- Orbiter High Resolution Camera: Take photos of the moon’s surface.
- Dual Frequency Radio Science Experiment: The Moon’s Einosphere will study.
- Instrument for Lunar Seismic Activity: Find out seismic activity on the landing site.
- Surface Thermo Physical Experiment: Thermal conductivity of the moon will be studied.
- Langmeur probe: will study the surface of the moon.
Payload of rover
- Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer: Will analyze the components on the surface of the moon.
- Laser-induced breakdown spectroscope: Check the presence of various components around the landing site.